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卡特三农学术论坛之166期通告 主讲人:周默涵研究员等

编辑:hh2020 作者: hh2020 时间:2020-09-23 14:52:42 访问次数:0

时间:2020年9月25日(周五)下午14:00-16:00

地点:浙江大学公共管理学院办公大楼112报告厅

题目一:Banking Competition and the Effectiveness of Environmental Regulation: Evidence from China

报告人:周默涵,研究员

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报告人简介:周默涵,香港大学经济学博士,浙江大学“百人计划”研究员,博士生导师,现任教于浙江大学经济学院国际经济系。周默涵研究员于2008年获得武汉大学经济学与数学学士双学位,2013年博士毕业于香港大学经济与金融学院,2014-2018年间以副教授身份任教于中央财经大学国际经济与贸易学院;2018年作为浙江大学“百人计划”人才引进。他的研究领域包括异质性企业理论和环境经济学,研究成果发表在Journal of Environmental Economics and Management,Canadian Journal of Economics,《世界经济》等国内外重要学术期刊。

摘要:Poor development in financial markets may hinder firms from achieving environmental regulation goals set by governments. By using a policy change of environmental regulation in China and exploiting cross-city variation in banking concentration, we study how competition in local banking market affects the effectiveness of environmental regulation. Results indicate that banking industry competition played a positive role in assisting firms' reduction in SO2 emission to meet environmental regulation targets. Firms located in cities where banking competition is fierce tend to invest more in desulphurizing capacities when faced with a tightening of regulation. Both long-term debt and current liability increased for firms in cities with tougher banking competition, suggesting these processes may be facilitated by bank financing. These results are indicative that a well-functioning banking sector plays a critical role for environmental regulation to be effective.

 

题目二:Does migration experience reduce villagers’ social capital? Evidence from rural China

主讲人:王雨祥,博士生

摘要:In this study, we examine the impact of migration experience on return migrant’s social capital using household survey data from rural China. We first develop a simple model to describe rural household’s decision to invest in social capital and then empirically examine how migration experience affects social capital using village-level natural disasters as instrumental variables for migration experience. Our results show that villagers’ migration experience reduces both structural social capital and cognitive social capital. Compared with those who never worked out of their own hometowns, return migrants would practice fewer social interactions, information communication, trust building and reciprocal behaviors with relatives. We provide suggestive evidence that the decline in social capital may be caused by the higher expected mobility of return migrants.

 

题目三:政府与私人协同监管下的农产品源头追溯效果评估——以XND水产批发市场为例

主讲人:杨之颖,博士生

摘要:综合发挥政府监管与私人监管是现代食品质量安全治理的主要思路,但两者监管效果差异及协同监管策略的制定一直是理论和实践探索的难点。本文尝试以期望理论和强化理论为据刻画质量安全监管与经营户源头追溯决策间动态平衡关系,基于成本收益模型观察不同监管特征下经营户的源头追溯选择,并以XND水产批发市场为例,通过构建“政府+批发市场+经营户”三位一体的独特面板数据,首次实证估算政府和批发市场抽检强度、频率和惩罚力度对经营户水产品源头追溯精度的影响。结果表明,经营户水产品源头追溯精度随被检间隔期减少和历史抽检量的增加而上升,且仅受近期被检不合格影响;不同规模经营户对政府和市场抽检频率和总量存在敏感度差异。最后,本文从优化抽检策略、加强风险披露与合作、完善市场价格机制等方面提出相应建议。

 

题目四:Consumers’ Acceptance and Valuation for Cultured Meat: A Multi-city Choice Experiment in China

主讲人:袁绕,博士生

摘要:Cultured meat is an unfamiliar emerging food technology that could provide a near endless supply of high quality protein with a relatively small ecological footprint. However, the successful adoption of a novel food technology not only depends on its technical feasibility, but also consumers acceptance and demand for the novel food product. To understand consumer acceptance and valuation of cultured meat, the study examines the impact of positive and negative information on consumer willingness-to- pay (WTP) for cultured chicken breast. A random sample of 1139 Chinese consumers from Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou completed a survey instrument that included four information treatments and a choice experiment. Empirical results showed that consumers have a negative WTP for cultured meat, about ¥-10.22/500g,while information induced the increase of consumer WTP. In which a combination of positive information and negative information about cultured meat have the largest effects on the increase of WTP for cultured meat, followed by negative information, and the last is the positive information. More comprehensive information in a relevant context could therefore contribute to the commercial success of cultured meat.